Greece

Partner
logo Grèce


Law title : Framework law on the protection of the environment
Year : 1986


Law title : Ministerial Decision on General town planning. M.D.27691/14-09-07, G.1902/B/07
Year : 2007
Comment : Geosites are to be defined in these planning studies


Law title : Biodiversity Strategy Legal Framework. L.3937/G.60/31-3-11
Year : 2011
Comment : Recognize the need for the protection of the geological heritage

Turkey

Macedonia

Albania

Law title : Law Nr. 8906 (06,06,2002) on protected areas
Year : 2002
Comment : Legislative framework concerning the establishment, management and use of protected areas and their natural and biological resources
Internet links : Legal Office Faolex

Bulgaria

Law title : Environmental Protection Act
Year : 2011
Internet links : Legal Office Faolex


Law title : Law for the Protected Territories
Year : 1998
Comment : Establishes protected areas
Internet links : Biodiversity.bg

Serbia

Law title : Environmental Protection Law
Year : 2009
Comment : Regulates environmental protection
Internet links : Chamber of Deputies

Montenegro

Roumania

Law title : Law on Environmental Protection
Year : 1995
Comment : Regulates environmental protection
Internet links : Legal Office Faolex

Moldova

Ukraine

Malta

Italy

Partner
italy


Law title : Codice dei beni culturali e del paesaggio
Year : 2004
Comment : At national level. This law refers to the territory as a result of the interaction between human and natural factors. Article 136 states that geological peculiarities are under protection


Law title : The Legislative Decree, Consolidated law on cultural and environmental assets under article 1 of Law n. 352 of 8 October 1997 (D.Lgs. 29 ottobre 1999, n. 490, Testo unico delle disposizioni legislative in materia di beni culturali e ambientali, a norma dell'articolo 1 della L. 8 ottobre 1997, n. 352) refers to cultural and environmental assets (art. 2: paleontology/; art. 139: geology)
Year : 1997
Comment : At national level


Law title : The Protected areas framework law, Legge 6 dicembre 1991, n. 394 Legge quadro sulle aree protette
Year : 1991
Comment : At national level


Law title : Legge regionale 6 ottobre 2009 n. 39, Norme per la valorizzazione della geodiversita, dei geositi e delle aree carsiche in Liguria
Year : 2009
Comment : Regional laws : in Italy regions have jurisdiction to legislate


Law title : Legge regionale 4 dicembre 2009, n. 33 "Tutela e valorizzazione del patrimonio geologico e speleologico"
Year : 2009
Comment : Regional laws : in Italy regions have jurisdiction to legislate


Law title : Deliberazione legislativa n. 19/2006 Regione Emilia-Romagna, Norme per la conservazione e valorizzazione della geodiversita dell'Emilia-Romagna e delle attivita ad essa collegate
Year : 2006
Comment : Regional laws : in Italy regions have jurisdiction to legislate

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Law title : Republic of Srpska: Law on the National Park Sutjeska
Year : 2012
Comment : Establishes the Sutjeska Natural Park featuring, among others, geological phenomena and processes.
Internet links : National Assembly of the Republic Of Srpska

Croatia

Partner
croatia


Law title : 2005May27-Nature Protection Act
Year : 2005
Comment : In English and in Croatian


Law title : 2005May27-Zakon o zastiti prirode NN 7005
Year : 2005
Comment : In English and in Croatian


Law title : 2008November27-Act on Amendments to the Nature Protection Act
Year : 2008
Comment : In English and in Croatian


Law title : 2008November27-Izmjene i dopune ZZP NN 1308
Year : 2008
Comment : In English and in Croatian


Law title : 2008-Strategy-Action Plan for the Protection of Biological and Landscape Diversity of the Republic of Croatia
Year : 2008
Comment : In English and in Croatian


Law title : 2008-Strategija i akcijski plan zastite bioloske i krajobrazne raznolikosti NN 14308
Year : 2008
Comment : In English and in Croatian


Law title : 2011-Izmjene i dopune ZZP NN 5711
Year : 2011
Comment : Only in Croatian

Slovenia

Law title : Nature Conservation Act
Year : 1999
Comment : Defines the protection of natural heritage
Internet links : Republic of Slovania, Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning


Law title : Environmental Protection Act
Year : 2004
Comment : Regulates the objectives and principles of environmental protection
Internet links : Republic of Slovania, Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning


Law title : Caves conservation act, No. 801-07/94-4/6
Year : 2003
Comment : Regulates protection and exploitation of caves
Internet links : Republic of Slovania, Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning

Hungary

Law title : Law No. LIII of 1996 on Nature Conservation - 1996. évi LIII. törvény a természet védelméről
Year : 2013
Comment : The intention of this Act is to protect, disseminate information on and promote the sustainable use of natural resources, protected areas, landscapes and biodiversity resources
Internet links : Nemzeti Jogszabálytár

Austria

Partner
autricheacademie-des-sciences

Autriche


Law title : Kärntner Naturschutzgesetz 2002 - K-NSG 2002
Year : 2010
Comment : Reglementation in German-Avaible only in the province of Carinthia


Law title : NÖ Naturschutzgesetz 2000
Year : 2000
Comment : Reglementation in German-Avaible only in the province of Carinthia


Law title : Wiener Naturschutzgesetz
Year : 1998
Comment : Reglementation for Vienna


Law title : Gesamte Rechtsvorschrift für Oö. Natur- und Landschaftsschutzgesetz
Year : 2001
Comment : Reglementation for upper Austria
Internet links : Bundeskanzleramt Rechtsinformationssytem


Law title : Gesetz vom 30.Juni 1976 über den Schutz der Natur und die Pflege der Landschaft
Year : 1976
Comment : Reglementation for Styria

Slovakia

Partner
Slovaquie


Law title : Decree of MoE SR No. 213/2000 Coll. on protected minerals and protected fossils
Year : 2000
Internet links : Zákony pre ľudí


Law title : The Nature and Landscape Protection Act No. 543/2002 Coll.
Year : 2002
Internet links : Zákony pre ľudí


Law title : The Act on Geological Works (Geological Act) No. 569/2007 Coll.
Year : 2007
Internet links : Zákony pre ľudí

Czech Republic

Partner
Czech Republic


Law title : act No. 114/1992 - act No. 114/1992
Year : 1992


Law title : Full documentation on natural protection in Czech Republic
Internet links : Informations services

Switzerland

Law title : Federal Nature Conservation Act
Year : 1991
Comment : Geoheritage protection
Internet links : Switzerland's Federal Administration


Law title : Ordinance concerning protection of nature and cultural heritage and the conservation of relics and monuments
Year : 1927


Law title : Glarus Kanton: Law on protection of nature and cultural heritage
Year : 2011
Comment : Provisions relating to the protection of wild fauna and flora, as well as of cultural heritage.
Internet links : Kanton Glarus

Sweden

Law title : Swedish Environmental Code (1998:808)
Year : 1998
Comment : General environmental protection
Internet links : Legal Office Faolex


Law title : Minerals Act
Year : 1991
Comment : Regulates the extraction of minerals in nature and cultural heritage reserves
Internet links : Geological Survey of Sweden

Denmark

Law title : Nature Conservation Act (No 933 of 2009)
Year : 2009
Comment : Safeguards the country's landscape and environment so that society can develop on a sustainable basis in respect for human living conditions and preservation of animal and plant life
Internet links : Retsinformartion.dk


Law title : Raw Materials Act No 1025
Year : 2008
Comment : Preservation of geological profiles against extraction
Internet links : Retsinformartion.dk


Law title : Planning Act, No 1027
Year : 2008
Comment : Guidelines for securing geological assets worthy of conservation when spacial planning
Internet links : Retsinformartion.dk


Law title : Museum Act, No 1505
Year : 2006
Comment : Suspension of extraction or construction works if a natural history object is found. "Danekrae law".
Internet links : Retsinformartion.dk


Law title : National Park Act
Year : 2007
Comment : Establishment of national parks
Internet links : Retsinformartion.dk

Law title : Law on Cultural Asset, N°332
Year : 1986
Comment : Protection of objects
Download :

Germany

Law title : Act on protection of nature and preservation of landscapes
Year : 2013
Internet links : Legal Office Faolex

Luxembourg

Belgium

Partner


Law title : Landschappen beschermen kan sinds 1931 en evolueerde verder sinds het decreet landschapszorg van 1996.
Year : 1931
Comment : Reglementation in Flemish
Internet links : Onroerend erfgoed


Law title : Dit decreet regelt een aangelegenheid als bedoeld in artikel 39 van de Grondwet.
Year : 1996
Comment : Reglementation in Flemish
Internet links : Vlaamse codex


Law title : De Landschapsatlas
Year : 1996
Comment : Reglementation in Flemish
Internet links : Onroerend erfgoed


Law title : HOOFDSTUK II KONINKLIJKE COMMISSIE VOOR MONUMENTEN EN LANDSCHAPPEN Artikel 3.01/07/2006
Year : 2006
Comment : Reglementation in Flemish
Internet links : Vlaamse codex


Law title : Nieuwe impulsen voor de Landschapszorg - De landschapsatlas, baken voor een verruimd beleid
Year : 2001
Comment : Reglementation in Flemish
Internet links : Exhibitions international


Law title : Onroerenderfgoeddecreet-Naar een holistische en eigentijdse benadering van en voor het onroerend erfgoed in Vlaanderen.
Comment : Reglementation in Flemish
Internet links : Onroerend erfgoed


Law title : Decreet-Regelgeving Monumenten, Stads- en Dorpsgezichten Landschappen, Archeologie en Varend Erfgoed (officieuze coördinatie) datum laatste bijwerking: 05/02/2013
Year : 2013
Comment : Reglementation in Flemish-see pages 103, 113, 125
Internet links : Onroerend erfgoed


Law title : Les territoires paysagers de Wallonie
Comment : Reglementation in Walloons


Law title : Aménagement du territoire urbanisme et patrimoine
Comment : Reglementation in Walloons


Law title : Commission royale des monument, sites et fouilles
Comment : Reglementation in Walloons


Law title : Textes complémentaires
Comment : Reglementation in Walloons

Netherlands

Law title : Waardevol drenthe

France

Law title : Convention concernant les mesures à prendre pour interdire et empêcher l’importation, l’exportation et le transfert de propriété illicites des biens culturels
Year : 1970, ratifiée par décret n° 97-435 du 25 avril 1997 NOR : MAEJ9730030D
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "collections et spécimens rares de minéralogie et objets présentant un intérêt paléontologique".

Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : UNESCO. Convention concernant la protection du patrimoine mondial, culturel et naturel
Year : 1972, acceptée par la France le 27/06/75
Comment : Sont considérées comme patrimoine naturel (art 2) "les formations géologiques qui ont une valeur universelle exceptionnelle du point de vue de la science ou de la conservation".


Law title : Convention d'Unidroit sur les biens culturels volé ou illicitement exportés
Year : 1995
Comment : Annexe a "collections et spécimens rares de minéralogie et objets d'intérêt paléontologique".
Internet links : Unidroit


Law title : Convention européenne sur les infractions visant les biens culturels
Year : 1985
Comment : Annexe II (j) "collections et spécimens rares de minéralogie" ; (l) "objets d'intérêt paléontologique".
Internet links : Conseil de l'Europe


Law title : Réglement CEE n° 3911/92 du Conseil concernant l'exportation de biens culturels
Year : 1992. Complété par le Règlement CEE n°116/2009 de 2008
Comment : Annexe I A. 13. (a) "collections et spécimens provenant de collections de minéralogie et (b) collections présentant un intérêt paléontologique". B. "Si leur valeur est égale ou supérieure à 50 000 euros".


Law title : Directive 93/7/CEE relative à la restitution de biens culturels ayant quitté illicitement le territoire d'un Etat membre
Year : 1993
Comment : Annexe A. 12. (a) "collections et spécimens provenant de collections de minéralogie ; (b) "collections présentant un intérêt paléontologique". B. Si leur valeur est égale ou supérieure à 50 000 euros.
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code du patrimoine, Livre IV. Loi n°2002-5 relative aux musées de France. NOR : MCCX0000178L
Year : 2002
Comment : Concerne les collections des musées ayant obtenus le label "musée de France". Elles deviennent inaliénables et imprescriptibles.
Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code du patrimoine, Livre V. Loi n°41-4011 relative à la réglementation des fouilles archéologiques et loi n°2001-44 relative à l'archéologie préventive
Year : 1941 et 2001
Comment : Concernent le patrimoine géologique en contexte archéologique (relatif à l'existence de l'humanité, art L. 510-1 Code du patrimoine)
Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code du patrimoine, Livre VI. Loi relative aux monuments historiques
Year : 1913
Comment : Concerne les sites classés ou les sites inscrits à l'inventaire supplémentaire des monuments historiques ou des objets mobiliers, d'intérêt géologique
Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code du patrimoine, art L. 111-1 et s. et R. 111-1. Décret n° 93-124 relatif aux biens culturels soumis à certaines restrictions de circulations (NOR : MENB9300040D) et loi n° 2015-195 portant diverses dispositions d'adaptation au droit de l'Union européenne dans les domaines de la propriété littéraire et artistique et du patrimoine culturel.
Year : 1993 et 2015
Comment : Empêche l'exportation des trésors nationaux, des biens appartenant aux collections des musées de France, des biens classés au titre des monuments historiques et des biens appartenant à une personne publique.
Internet links : Legifrance

Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Décret n° 95-172 relatif à la définition des biens d’occasion, des œuvres d’arts, des objets de collection et d’antiquité pour l’application des dispositions relatives à la taxe sur la valeur ajoutée. NOR : BUDF9500003D
Year : 1995
Comment : Art 3. 2° Sont considérés comme objets de collection "les collections et spécimens pour collections (...) de minéralogie (...), ou présentant (...) paléontologique.
Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code de l'environnement, art L. 411-5. Loi n° 2002-276 relative à la démocratie de proximité
Year : 2002
Comment : Définit la mission de l'Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel : réaliser l'inventaire "des richesses (...) géologiques, minéralogiques et paléontologiques".
Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code de l'environnement, Livre III. Loi n° 2010-788 portant engagement national pour l'environnement, dite « Loi Grenelle 2 »
Year : 2010
Comment : Concerne le patrimoine géologique situé dans des espaces naturels protégés
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Loi relative au renforcement de la protection de l´environnement
Year : 1995
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Loi relative à la protection et la mise en valeur des paysages et modifiant certaines dispositions en matière d'enquêtes publiques
Year : 1993
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Loi relative à l'aménagement, la protection et la mise en valeur du littoral
Year : 1986
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Loi relative au développement et à la protection de la montagne
Year : 1985
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Loi relative à la protection de la nature
Year : 1976
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Loi relative à la création des parcs nationaux
Year : 1960
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Loi relative à la réorganisation de la protection des monuments naturels et des sites de caractère artistique, historique, scientifique, légendaire ou pittoresque
Year : 1930
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code général de la propriété des personnes publiques, art L. 311-1
Comment : Concerne les collections appartenant aux personnes publiques (inaliénables et imprescriptibles)
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code minier (nouveau)
Comment : Règlemente l'exploitation des carrières et des mines
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Code de commerce, art L.320-1 à L. 322-16. Loi n° 2011-850 de libéralisation des ventes volontaires de meubles aux enchères publiques Year : 2011
Internet links : Legifrance
Internet links : Legifrance


Spain

Law title : Ley 42/2007 del patrimonio natural y la biodiversidad. BOE num.299
Year : 2007
Internet links : Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado


Law title : Ley 45/2007 para el desarrollo sostenible del medio rural. BOE num. 299
Year : 2007
Internet links : Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado


Law title : Ley 5/2007 de la Red de Parques Nacionales. BOE num. 081
Year : 2007
Internet links : Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado


Law title : Ley 16/1985 de Patrimonio Historico Espanol
Year : 1985
Internet links : Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado


Law title : Real Decreto 1274/2011 por el que se aprueba el Plan estrategico del patrimonio natural y de la biodiversidad 2011-2017, en aplicacion de la Ley 42/2007, del Patrimonio Natural y de la Biodiversidad. BOE num. 236
Year : 2011


Portugal

Partner
portugal


Law title : Regime Juridico da Conservacao da Natureza e da Biodiversidade (Nature Conservation and Biodiversity Act) - Decreto-Lei (DL) n.° 142/2008, de 24 de Julho
Year : 2008
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Rede Regional de Áreas Protegidas da Regiao Autonoma dos Acores (Protected Areas of the Autonomous Region of Azores) - Decreto Legislativo Regional n.º 15/2007/A, de 25 de Junho
Year : 2007
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Conservacao e preservacao do patrimonio geologico da Regiao Autonoma da Madeira Decreto (Protection of the geological heritage of the Autonomous Region of Madeira) - Decreto Legislativo Regional n.º 24/2004/M, de 20 de Agosto
Year : 2004
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Estrategia Nacional da Conservacao da Natureza e da Biodiversidade (National Strategy for Nature Conservation and Biodiversity) - Resolucao do Conselho de Ministros n.º 152/2001, de 11 de Outubro
Year : 2001
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Programa Nacional da Politica de Ordenamento do Territorio (National Programme for Land-Use Planning Policies) - Lei n.º 58/2007, de 4 de Setembro
Year : 2007
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Bases da politica e do regime de proteccao e valorizacao do patrimonio cultural (Protection of Cultural Heritage) - Lei n.º 107/2001, de 8 de Setembro
Year : 2001
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Plano Sectorial da Rede Natura 2000 (Action plan for the Natura 2000 Network) - Resolucao do Conselho de Ministros n.º 115-A/2008, de 21 de Julho
Year : 2008
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Plano Sectorial da Rede Natura 2000 (Action plan for the Natura 2000 Network) - Resolucao do Conselho de Ministros n.º 115-A/2008, de 21 de Julho
Year : 2008
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Reserva Ecologica Nacional (National Ecological Reserve) - Decreto-Lei n.º 166/2008, de 22 de Agosto
Year : 2008
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage

Poland

Partner
logo Pologne


Law title : Ochrona przyrody w polsce - najwazniejsze akty prawne
Year : 1934
Internet links : Ochrona przyrody w polsce


Law title : Nature Conservation Act
Year : 2004
Comment : Ensures the preservation of geological and paleontological heritage
Internet links : Legal Office Faolex


Law title : Geology and Mining Law
Year : 2011
Comment : Determines conditions of geological works and mining, considering the needs of environmental protection
Internet links : Republic of Poland, Ministry of Environment

Belarus

Lithuania

Law title : Environmental protection law (No.I-2223 of 1992)
Year : 1992
Comment : Regulates environmental protection
Internet links : Asser Institute


Law title : Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the Protected Areas, No. IX-628
Year : 2001
Comment : Sets forth public terms related to the protected areas
Internet links : Trakai Historical National Park


Law title : Law on Land, No 1-446
Year : 1994
Comment : This Law establishes the relations of ownership, management and use of land in the Republic of Lithuania
Internet links : Litlex.lt


Law title : Underground Law (No 1-1034)
Year : 1994
Comment : Defines subsurface protection
Internet links : Litlex.lt

Latvia

Law title : Specially Protected Nature Territories
Year : 2002
Internet links : Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development

Estonia

Partner
Estonie


Law title : Nature Conservation Act
Year : 2004
Internet links : Republic of Estonia, Ministry of Justice

Finland

Law title : Land Extraction Act 24,7,1981/555
Year : 1981
Comment : Forbids the destruction of unique biological or geological occurrences
Internet links : Finlex ®


Law title : Nature Conservation Act, 1096/1996
Year : 1996
Comment : Establishing of nature reserves
Internet links : Finlex ®

Ireland

Law title : Planning and Development Act, 2000 (Act No 30 of 2000)
Year : 2000
Comment : Ensures that geological heritage is protected
Internet links : Bailii: British and Irish Legal Institute


Law title : Heritage Act
Year : 1995
Comment : County Geological sites are are integrated in County Development Plans
Internet links : Bailii: British and Irish Legal Institute


Law title : Wildlife (Amendment) Act, No 29 of 2012
Year : 2012
Comment : Enables natural heritage areas
Internet links : Legal Office Faolex

Solomon Islands

United Kingdom

Law title : National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act-1949
Year : 1949


Law title : Wildlife and country side act-1981
Year : 1981


Law title : Countryside and Rights of Way-2000
Year : 2000

Norway

Partner
Nina


Law title : Nature Diversity Act - Relating to the Management of Biological, Geological and Landscape Diversity
Year : 2009
Internet links : Legifrance


Law title : Regulation No. 1189 on the protection of Sassen-Bünsow Natural Park on Svalbard.
Year : 2003
Comment : Ensures the protection of the arctic fjord and valley
Internet links : Lovdata


Law title : Regulation No. 1190 concerning the protection of the fortress geotope on Svalbard
Year : 2003
Comment : Ensures the protection and preservation of the geological deposits located in the north-west corner of the Nordenskiöld Land in Svalbard.
Internet links : Lovdata

Cyprus

Israel

Lebanon

Jordan

Law title : Regulation No. 24 on the development of the Wadi Rum Area.
Year : 2001
Comment : Preservation of the historical heritage, geological composition and unique natural landscapes of Wadi Rum

Iraq

Syria

Saudi Arabia

Kuwait

Qatar

Law title : Law No. 19 of 2004 on the protection wildlife and its natural habitat.
Year : 2004
Comment : The law forbids the destruction of geological formations and animals habitats.
Internet links : Ministry of Environment of Qatar

United Arab Emirates

Oman

Yemen

Iran

Azerbaijan

Armenia

Law title : Law on specially protected natural areas
Year : 1996
Comment : Mining activities and mineral processing, destruction of soil cover, and abruptions of stratums are prohibited in specially protected areas.
Internet links : Crop Wild Relatives Armenia

Georgia

Vietnam

Laos

Cambodia

Malaysia

Law title : National Parks Act 1980 (No. 226 of 1980).
Year : 1980
Comment : Preservation and protection of wildlife and objects of geological, historical and ethnological interest
Internet links : Attorney General's Chamber of Malaysia

Thailand

Myanmar

Bangladesh

Bhutan

Nepal

India

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (1977 in India)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1977 in India)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Geological Heritage Sites (Declaration, Conservation, Protection and Maintenance) : act 2014
Year : 2014
Comment : art 4 "to accord legal recognition to the “Geological Heritage Sites” that were already declared and the ones that will be identified as sites of geoscientific importance in future". (each site is declared "Geological Site" by a resolution)
Internet links : Geological Survey of India, Ministry of Mines


Pakistan

Afghanistan

Kyrgyzstan

Tajikistan

Uzbekistan

Turkmenistan

Law title : Model Regulation on state nature monuments.
Year : 1995
Internet links : OSCE Centre in Ashgabat

Kazakhstan

South Korea

Law title : Cultural Heritage Protection Act
Year : 2007
Internet links : Korea Legislation Research Institute


Law title : Special Act on the Preservation of Ecosystem in Island Areas Including Dokdo Island (Act No. 5447 of 1997).
Year : 1997
Comment : Provides for the conservation of the natural environment of specified islands, including their diverse natural ecosystems and geographical and geological features.
Internet links : Korea Legislation Research Institute

North Korea

Mongolia

Law title : First Mongolian Constitution
Year : 1924
Comment : Article three prohibited the personal or non-state ownership of items of cultural significance, such as the Defendant Property.


Law title : Environmental Protection Law
Year : 1995
Comment :


Law title : Minerals Law of Mongolia 2006
Year : 2006
Comment : Amendend in 2014. Here are reproduct the articles 40 and 41.


China

Law title : Provisions on the protection of the geological environment of mines
Year : 2009
Internet links : Ecolex

Law title : Law of the People's Republic of China on Protection of Cultural Relics
Year : 1982
Comment : Protection of fossil


Russia

Law title : Federal Law No. 33-FZ on protected areas.
Year : 1995
Internet links : Ecolex

Belize

Brazil

Partner
brazil


Law title : Dispoe sobre a Protecao de Depositos Fossiliferos-br1-Decreto-Lei n° 4.416, de 04 de marco de 1942
Year : 1942
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Constituicao da Republica Federativa do Brasil de 1988 Art. 23. e competencia comum da Uniao, dos Estados, do Distrito Federal e dos Municipios: III - proteger os documentos, as obras e outros bens de valor historico, artistico e cultural, os monumentos, as paisagens naturais notáveis e os sitios arqueologicos
Year : 1988
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage
Internet links : Portal Legislação Constituição Federal


Law title : Sistema Nacional de Unidades de Conservacao da Natureza - SNUC br2a-Lei Federal 9985_18_07_2000 - SNUC (Governo)
Year : 2000
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Sistema Nacional de Unidades de Conservacao da Natureza - SNUC br2b-Lei Federal 9985_18_07_2000 - SNUC
Year : 2000
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Atribuicoes do Instituto Geologico do Estado de Sao Paulo a pesquisa, a conservacao, a elaboracao de normas tecnicas e a divulgacao dos monumentos geologicos naturais, de propriedade do Estado br3-Decreto Estadual n° 55.640, de 26 de marco de 2010
Year : 2010
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage
Internet links : JusBrasil


Law title : Geoparque Ciclo do Ouro de Guarulhos br4-Decreto Municipal n° 25.974, de 15 de dezembro de 2008
Year : 2008
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Geoparque Serra da Bodoquena-Pantanal br5-Decreto Estadual n° 12.897, de 22 de dezembro de 2009
Year : 2009
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Geoparque Cachoeira do Amazonas br6-Decreto Municipal n° 1.301, de 26 de outubro de 2011
Year : 2011
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Criacao do Conselho Estadual de Monumentos Geologicos (Secretaria de Meio Ambiente do Estado de Sao Paulo) br7-Resolucao SMA - 76, de 04 de novembro de 2009
Year : 2009
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Reestruturacao do Conselho Estadual de Monumentos Geologicos (Secretaria de Meio Ambiente do Estado de Sao Paulo) br8-Resolucao SMA - 64, de 23 de novembro de 2011
Year : 2011
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Protecao das Paisagens Naturais Notáveis br9-Lei Complementar n° 140, de 08 de dezembro de 2011
Year : 2011
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Organiza a Protecao do Patrimonio Historico e Artistico Nacional (tombamento - IPHAN)-br10-Decreto-Lei n° 25-1937-Organiza a protecao do patrimonio historico e artistico nacional
Year : 1937
Comment : Indirect protection for Geological heritage


Law title : Dispoe sobre os Monumentos Arqueologicos e Pre-historicos (IPHAN) br11- Lei n° 3.924, de 26 de julho de 1961
Year : 1961
Comment : Indirect protection for Geological heritage


Law title : Chancela da Paisagem Cultural - IPHAN br12- Portaria n° 127 de 30 de abril de 2009
Year : 2009
Comment : Indirect protection for Geological heritage

Chile

Argentina

Partner
argentina


Law title : Law 25743/03 "Protection of archaeological and paleontological heritage" (Ley Nacional 25743/03 "Proteccion del Patrimonio Arqueologico y Paleontologico")
Year : 2003
Comment : At national level

Uruguay

Paraguay

Bolivia

Peru

Ecuador

Suriname

Law title : Nature Conservation Act
Year : 1954
Comment : Protection of geological objects in nature reserves

Guyana

Venezuela

Colombia

Panama

Costa Rica

Nicaragua

El Salvador

Honduras

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (1979 in Honduras)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1979 in Honduras)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Agreement for the protection, conservation, recovery and return of stolen or illegally exported or transferred archaeological, artistic, historical and cultural property between the Republic of Honduras and the Republic of Peru
Year : 2007
Comment : Article 2 : "For the effects of this Agreement, cultural, archeological, artistic and historic property will have the following meaning. b) Collections and rare examples of museum interest or pertaining to the area of (...) mineralogy, (...) and objects of paleontological interest, classified or not."


Guatemala

Canada

Law title : Nomenclature des biens culturels canadien à exportation controlée 2012, Réglementation des fossiles, minéraux, roches, météorites etc.
Year : 2012


Internet links : Environment Canada
Comment : Ministry of Environment in Canada


Internet links : Justice Laws Website
Comment : Ministry of Justice in Canada


Internet links : Website
Comment : Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment and the Fight against Climate Change


Law title : Loi sur les parcs à Quebec
Internet links : Publications du Québec


Law title : Réglement sur les parcs à Quebec
Internet links : Publications du Québec


Law title : Alberta: Provincial Parks Act (RSA 2000, c.P-35).
Year : 2000
Comment : Act lays down provisions relating to provincial parks including the preservation of geological objects
Internet links : Government of Alberta

United States

Partner


Law title : Federal Statutes
Comment : See document for links or laws extracts


Law title : Administered Designation Programs
Comment : See document for links or laws extracts


Law title : NPS management policies
Comment : See document for links or laws extracts


Law title : Paleontological Resources Preservation Act
Year : 2015
Comment : "This rule provides for the preservation, management, and protection of paleontological resources on National Forest System lands (NFS), and insures that these resources are available for current and future generations to enjoy as part of America’s national heritage".


Jamaica

The Bahamas

Cuba

Sri Lanka

Iceland

Partner
Islande


Law title : The Nature Conservation Act-No. 44, 22 March 1999
Year : 1999

Haiti

Dominicana Republic

Puerto Rico

Trinidad and Tobago

Grenada

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

St. Lucia

Dominica

Cape Verde

Partner
capoverde


Law title : Decreto-Legislativo n° 14/97, de 1 de Julho que desenvolve as Bases da Politica do Ambiente
Year : 1997
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto-Lei n° 3/2003, de 24 de Fevereiro que estabelece o Regime Juridico das áreas protegidas
Year : 2003
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto-Legislativo n° 1/2006, de 13 de Fevereiro que estabelece a Lei de Bases do Ordenamento do Territorio e Planeamento Urbanistico
Year : 2006
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto Legislativo 6/2010, de 21 de Junho que estabelece o Sistema de Gestao do Territorio, de ‚mbito nacional, regional e municipal
Year : 2010
Comment : Direct protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Lei n° 86/IV/93, de 26 de Julho que define as Bases da Politica do Ambiente
Year : 1993
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Lei n° 102/III/90, de 29 de Dezembro que Estabelece as Bases do patrimonio cultural e natural
Year : 1990
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto-Lei n° 40/2003, de 27 de Setembro que Estabelece o regime juridico da reserva natural de Santa Luzia
Year : 2003
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto-Lei n.° 6/2003, de 31 de Marco que Estabelece o regime juridico licenciamento e exploracao de pedreiras
Year : 2003
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto-Lei n.° 2/2002, de 21 de Janeiro que Proibe a extraccao e exploracao de areias nas dunas, nas Praias e nas águas interiores, na faixa costeira e no mar territorial
Year : 2002
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto-lei n° 81/2005 de 5 de Dezembro que estabelece o Sistema de Informacao Ambiental e o seu Regime Juridico
Year : 2005
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Decreto-lei n°29/2006 de 6 de Marco que estabelece o Regime Juridico da Avaliacao do Impacto Ambiental dos projectos publicos ou privados susceptiveis de produzirem efeitos no ambiente
Year : 2006
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage


Law title : Resolucao n.° 14/2005 de 25 de Abril aprovando o Segundo Plano de Accao para o Ambiente, PANA II, no horizonte 2004-2014, como instrumento de implementacao da politica nacional no dominio do Ambiente
Year : 2005
Comment : Indirect protection for the geological heritage

Maldives

Seychelles

Comoros

Madagascar

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (1989 in Madagascar)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1983 in Madagascar)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Order on safeguard, protection and preservation of national heritage
Year : 1982 (law enforcement order : 1983)
Comment : Article 1 A.b. "geological formations" / 1 B.b. results of paleontological excavations.


Law title : African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Year : 2003
Comment : Annex 2, definition of the nature reserves ("geological features")


Law title : Mining Code
Year : 2005
Comment : Title IV about fossils


Law title : Environmental Charter
Year : 2015
Comment : The geologic heritage is not particularly named.


Law title : Management Code for Protected Areas
Year : 2015
Comment : It protects natural resources ("mineral and petroliferous" : article 1)


Mauritius

Japan

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (2002 in Japan)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1992 in Japan)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Natural Parks Law
Year : 1957
Comment : Last revision : Natural Park Act, 2009. Articles 20 and 21 (Ban to collect minerals and stones without authorization)


Law title : Mining Act
Year : 1950
Comment : About land use, nothing about the conservation of the geologic heritage
Internet links : Ministry of Justice, Japan. Japanese Law Translation Database System


Law title : Law for the Protection of Cultural Property
Year : 1950
Comment : (To translate in English). Last revision : 2014. Article 1.4 : minerals (scientific value), canyons, mountains and gorges (artistic and aesthetic value) are cultural property
Internet links : Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan


Law title : Cultural Property Protection, law enforcement order
Year : 1975
Comment : (To translate in English)
Internet links : Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan


Law title : Law for the regulation of illegal imports and exports of cultural property
Year : 2002
Comment : (To translate in English). It adopts the definition of cultural property given by the law of 1950.
Internet links : Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan


Law title : Regulation of illegal imports and exports of cultural property, law enforcement order
Year : 2003
Comment : (To translate in English)
Internet links : Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan


About Antarctica

Law title : Law relating to Protection of the Environment in Antartica and its law enforcement order
Year : 1997
Comment : Section 1, article 13 : "Nobody shall engage in Mineral Resource Activities in Antarctica. This, however, does not apply to scientific research the results of which are to be made public". Last revision : 2004
Internet links : Ministry of the Environment, Japan
Internet links : Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan
Internet links : Ministry of the Environment, Japan

Taiwan

Philippines

Fiji

Vanuatu

Papua New Guinea

Law title : Conservation Areas Act 1978 (Cap 362)
Comment : Conservation of sites and areas having particular biological, topographical, geological, historic, scientific or social importance
Year : 1978
Internet links : Pacific Islands Legal Information Institute

Timor-Leste

Indonesia

Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1989 in Indonesia)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Law concerning items of cultural property
Year : 1992
Comment : Art 1. 1. "Items of Cultural Property are : (...) b. natural objects which are considered to possess important value for history, science, and culture".


Law title : Law on the protection and management of the environment
Year : 2009
Comment : To tranlate


Law title : Law concerning cultural conservation
Year : 2010
Comment : It protects objects and sites, areas, lands.


Law title : Act on the trade of minerals and coal mines
Year : 2014
Comment : To translate


Brunei

New Caledonia

New Zealand

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (2007 in New Zealand)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1984 in New Zealand)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Act to provide for the better protection of antiquities (...)
Year : 1975
Comment : Art 2, (e) "mineral existing or formerly existing in New Zealand", (f) "any meteorite or part of meteorite recovered in NZ"


Law title : National Parks Act
Year : 1980
Internet links : Parliamentary Counsel Office, New Zealand Legislation


Law title : Resource Management Act
Year : 1991
Comment : Part 1 "natural and physical resources includes land, water, air, soil, minerals, and energy, all forms of plants and animals (whether native to New Zealand or introduced), and all structures."
Internet links : Parliamentary Counsel Office, New Zealand Legislation


Law title : Crown Minerals Act
Year : 1991
Internet links : Parliamentary Counsel Office, New Zealand Legislation


Law title : Cultural Property Act (Protection in Armed Conflict)
Year : 2012
Comment : Part 1, art 4, (2) "examples of property : (f) scientific collections".


Australia

Law title : Victoria: National Parks (Park) Regulations
Comment : Regulations for promoting, within parks, the preservation and protection of, among others, features of geological interest
Year : 2003
Internet links : Victorian Legislation and Parliamentary Documents


Law title : Tasmania: Nature Conservation Act 2002.
Comment : Provides for the conservation and protection of the fauna, flora and geological diversity of Tasmania
Year : 2002
Internet links : Tasmanian Government


Law title : Fossil-CulturalHeritage
Comment :
Year : 1987

Antartica

Law title : The Antartic Treaty
Year : 1959


Law title : Specific Additional Protocol on the protection of the Antarctic environment between the Argentine Republic and the Republic of Chile
Year : 1992

Greenland

South Africa

Law title : National Heritage Resources Act (No. 25 of 1999)
Year : 1999
Comment : Chapter II (protection and management of heritage ressources)

Lesotho

Law title : Law-HistoricalMonuments
Year : 1967
Comment :

Swaziland

Botswana

Namibia

Zimbabwe

Mozambique

Internet links : Portal de legislação ambiental de Moçambique
Comment : There is no special legislation about geological heritage, but some laws about nature and informations can be find here

Malawi

Angola

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (1991 in Angola)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1991 in Angola)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Year : 2003
Comment : Annex 2, definition of the nature reserves ("geological features")


Law title : Decree No. 80/76 determining the form of conservation and protection of the Angolan People's Historical and Cultural Heritage
Year : 1976
Comment : I. 1). "The legislation refers to historic monuments (archaeological and palaeontological collections which have been classified."


Law title : Law No. 38/11 creating the National Parks of Luengue-Luiana, Mavinga and Mayombe within the provinces of Kuando Kubango and Cabinda
Year : 2011

Internet links : Legis Palop

Zambia

Tanzania

Kenya

Uganda

Burundi

Rwanda

Republic Democratic of the Congo

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (2002 in Republic Democratic of the Congo)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1977 in Republic Democratic of the Congo)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Year : 2003
Comment : Annex 2, definition of the nature reserves ("geological features")


Law title : Law concerning the protection of cultural property
Year : 1971
Comment : Article 18 (p.94)

Congo

Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1987 in Congo)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Year : 2003
Comment : Annex 2, definition of the nature reserves ("geological features")

Equatorial Guinea

Gabon

Sao Tome and Principe

Central African Republic

Somalia

Ethiopia

Djibouti

Eritrea

Cameroon

Sudan

Chad

Egypt

Law title : Law No. 102 of 1983 on Natural Protected Areas.
Year : 1983
Comment : Creation of natural protectorates where spoiling and destroying geological structures is forbidden.

Internet links : Egyptian Ministry of Environment

Libya

Tunisia

Nigeria

Benin

Togo

Ghana

Niger

Burkina Faso

Mali

Côte d'Ivoire

Liberia

Sierra Leone

Guinea

Law title : Decree-Law No.05/CNT/2011 portant constitution et gestion du patrimoine minier
Year : 2011
Comment :

Guinea-Bissau

Law title : Decree-Law No. 5-A/2011 establishing the legal framework of protected areas
Year : 2011
Comment : Protection of geological elements within Integral Natural Reserves

Internet links : Legis Palop

Senegal

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (1984 in Senegal)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1976 in Senegal)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Law on the system of historical monuments and the excavations and discoveries
Year : 1971
Comment : It concerns natural monuments (art. 1). The regulation of excavations and discoveries is not about the geological heritage


Law title : Order publishing the list of historical sites and monuments
Year : 2006
Comment : It protects several geological sites in the Dakar region (document p.15)


Law title : Mining code
Year : 2003


The Gambia

Mauritania

Morocco

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (2003 in Morocco)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1975 in Morocco)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Unidroit Convention on stolen or illegally exported cultural objects
Year : 1995 (law project to ratify the Convention in Morocco, 2015)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, cultural objects are those which, on religious or secular grounds, are of importance for archaeology, prehistory, history, literature, art or science and belong to one of the categories listed in the Annex to this Convention" Annex : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".

Internet links : Unidroit, International institute for the unification of private law


Law title : Dahir about quarrying regulations
Year : 1914 (law project in 2013, not yet adopted)
Comment : Concerning geologic heritage used as building materials and civil engineering.


Law title : Mining regulations
Year : 1951
Comment : Geologic heritage is not mentioned but a law project, passed in 2015, provides for activities of extraction, collection and marketing of mineral and fossil specimens and meteorites will be subject to the Mining regulations (article 117) and gives a definition of mineral and fossil specimens and meteorites (Article 1). Law enforcement order on hold .


Law title : National plan for the development of the geological infrastructures, Ministry of Energy, Mines, Water and Environment
Year : 2013 (Last revision : 2015)
Comment : The last version plans the protection and the promotion of the geologic heritage.


Law title : Foreign Trade Law
Year : 1992 (Law enforcement order : 1993 ; Last revision : 1997 ; Law project : 2014)
Comment : It restricts the national exports and imports to protect the national historical, archaeological and artistic heritage (Article 1)


Law title : Decree establishing the list of quantitative restrictions on imports and exports
Year : 1994 (Last revision : 2013)
Comment : An export license is necessary to minerals and objects which present a paleontological interest (List II).


Law title : the Customs Code
Year : 1977 (Last revision : 2012)
Comment : About temporary exports of fossils (Articles 153,154)

Internet links : Customs Administration


Law title : Law on environmental protection
Year : 2003
Comment : It protects the mineral resources and the fossils in parks and nature reserves (Articles 3- 13)


Law title : Law on protected areas
Year : 2003 (Last revision : 2010 ; Law project : 2014)
Comment : It protects the fossils and the geological formations and bans damages and excavations in protected areas.


Algeria

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (1974 in Algeria)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (1974 in Algeria)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Act on excavations and protection of natural sites and historic monuments
Year : 1967
Comment : Art 111 : it protects natural sites and monuments that have some economic interest.


Law title : Decret n°87-144 du 21 avril 1987 portant création des réserves naturelles, stipule la protection des formations géologiques et géomorphologiques
Year : 1987

Internet links : Decret pdf

Mexico

Law title : Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property, UNESCO
Year : 1970 (accepted in 1972 by Mexico)
Comment : Article 1 (a) : "For the purposes of this Convention, the term "cultural property" (is used for) : Rare collections and specimens of (...) minerals (...) and objects of paleontological interest".


Law title : Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, UNESCO
Year : 1972 (accepted in 1984 by Mexico)
Comment : Article 2 : "For the purposes of this Convention, the following shall be considered as "natural heritage": (...) geological formations (...) of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation".


Law title : Law about monuments and archaeological, artistic and historical areas
Year : 1972 (last revision : 2015)
Comment : Article 28 BIS : "Las disposiciones (...) seran aplicables a los vestigios o restos fosiles de seres organicos (...) interes paleontologico (...)".